What is Probiotic?
The concept of Probiotic is credited to the Russian Scientist”Elie Metchnikoff”.
In Simple words, Probiotics are good Microorganisms (Bacteria & Yeast) which are consumed to get health benefits by improving the gut flora.
WHO defines “probiotics as live microorganisms that, “when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.”
Probiotics are not drugs but super potent probiotics we get through prescription. As such probiotics do not helpful in treating any health-related conditions but it helps by restoring the balance between good and bad bacteria to improve the gut flora.
Probiotics complement a healthy life with exercise, hygienic and nutritious food, clean water, adequate sleep.
Let’s come to the heart of the article- Benefits of probiotics to our body.
To Treat Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is the side effect of Antibiotics treatment. Probiotics help to treat traveller’s diarrhoea, other forms of Diarrhoea not associated with antibiotics. Probiotics do this by improving the gut microbiome and restoring the gut flora. They are hence very often prescribed in a case of unresolved diarrhoea.
Strains of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus and Casei are generally used to reduce the risk of diarrhoea.
Freshens the Breath by improving Oral Health
Bad breath or halitosis occurs due to bad microbiome in the mouth. Studies show that certain probiotics like streptococcus salivary K12 help to prevent bad breath causing bacteria.
Boosts Immune Power
Probiotics help by increasing the production of natural antibodies and increases immune cells such as T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. They hence help to fight against certain infections.
Treatment of Digestive Disorders
Strains of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus helps to treat symptoms of mild Ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel Syndrome, Crohn’s disease. These strains are as effective as drugs. They thus help in restoring gut health to a large extent.
Increases Nutrient absorption
No matter how nutritious food you eat but you will not get the benefit if your digestive system does not contain good bacteria. When the food is ingested, the food particles are broken down by enzymes and bacteria into tiny molecules. But an inadequate amount of good bacteria causes malabsorption of nutrients. Thus it is recommended to have daily probiotics in your diet such as to get better from the food.
Supports Weight Management
Having a healthy gut flora improves metabolism and thus balancing the weight.
For Example, some probiotics prevent the absorption of dietary fat in the intestine which excretes through feces and manages the weight.
Makes skin Healthy and glowing
Skin is the largest organ of our body and it protects our body from external threats. Mostly skin problems occur due to hormonal and nutritional imbalances as of deprived gut flora.
Probiotics help by improves the absorption of nutrients thus making the skin glowing and healthy.
It is said that Constipation is the major cause of all diseases. This is due to dehydration and lack of fiber in daily diet or some ongoing medications results in abdominal bloating and pain. We can overcome constipation including fibrous vegetables in the routine diet.
Prevents Yeast Infection
Candida Albicans is the most common yeast infection. It causes the itching and reddening of the skin. When it comes to vaginal infection, it causes cottage cheese like discharge in addition to itching and burning symptoms.
Conventional treatment for yeast infection is antifungal medications. But also sometimes yeast infections become resistant to antifungal treatment thus combination treatment is prescribed whenever required.
Improve mental Health problems
Mental health problems are linked to gut health. In clinical trials, it was proved that Bifidobacterium and lactobacillus supplements improve anxiety, autism, depression etc.
Keep Heart Healthy
Probiotics help by breaking down bile in the gut as it contains cholesterol which helps in digestion thus preventing reabsorption of cholesterol in the gut then it can enter the bloodstream.
Thus probiotics help by lowering down bad cholesterol and blood pressure.