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4 Most Common Sleeping Disorders

4 sleeping disorders

Do you feel sleepy and drained the whole day? Do you feel as if you didn’t get a restful sleep at night? Or, where you keep waking up and could not go back into a deep slumber? If your answer is yes, then you may be suffering from a sleeping disorder. Let’s have a glance at these four common sleeping disorders, that may be affecting your peaceful sleep. 

1. Insomnia

insomnia- a sleeping disorder
image credit: helpguide.org

Insomnia is a sleeping disorder characterized as having trouble in a peaceful sleep that makes you feel sleepy and tired the whole day. It is one of the most common sleeping disorder that affects around 50% of adults. Insomnia is mainly of two types – Acute Insomnia, which usually persists for a few days to weeks. But if the problems persist for months, then it is considered Chronic Insomnia. 

Major symptoms of Insomnia are – 

  • Difficulty in getting restful sleep or falling asleep at night.
  • Disturbed sleep or waking up often during the night.
  • Waking up early in the morning that’s not desired or planned.


Insomnia can be caused due to anxiety, depression, stress, or medications. Getting less sleep affects everyday life badly. It will lead to feeling lazy and tired, forgetfulness, irritation, difficulty in concentrating, decreased quality of life, and depression. 

2. Restless Leg Syndrome

restless leg syndrome
image credit: verywellhealth.com

Restless Leg Syndrome is a sleeping disorder characterized by an overwhelming urge to move one’s legs while resting. This sleeping disorder usually affects 10% of adults and 2% of children. The cause is unknown but it is said to be hereditary. 

Major symptoms of Restless Leg Syndrome are –

  •  Throbbing and Aching of legs
  • Pain in legs
  • Pulling, Creeping or Burning sensation in legs


All these symptoms arise when the person is relaxing or taking rest, making them move one’s legs for temporary relief. But it hampers their sleep. Restless Leg Syndrome leads to sleep deprivation, excessive daytime sleepiness, memory impairment, and lack of energy the whole day. 

3. Sleep Apnea

sleep apnea
image credit: verywellhealth.com

Sleep Apnea is a sleeping disorder that affects most of the people and they don’t realize it. It happens as the person’s breathing stops for several seconds caused due to blockage in the upper respiratory system. As the person falls asleep,  the soft tissues in the throat relax and collapse into the airway, blocking oxygen from getting to the lungs. This makes the brain aware and forces the respiratory system to breathe harder, thus reducing the quality of sleep. Mostly, the person starts snoring during the night.

 Major symptoms of Sleep Apnea are – 

  • Loud snoring
  • Inefficient sleep
  • Morning Headaches.

The cause is partial or complete obstruction of breathing during nights. Sleep Apnea is a serious sleeping disorder that doesn’t let you fall asleep in peaceful slumber. It keeps you partially awake the whole night, making you feel dull and tired the next morning as well as affects the daily routine. It could even lead to heart failure, heart attack, heart arrhythmia, or more. 

4. Narcolepsy

narcolepsy
image credit: bedsglasgow.com

Narcolepsy is a sleeping disorder characterized as the inability of the brain to control wakefulness and sleep. People usually fall asleep unexpectedly during the day. 

Major symptoms of Narcolepsy are – 

  • Excessive daytime sleeping
  • Cataplexy – A condition in which muscle suddenly collapses due to being excited, a sudden rush of emotions, or getting startled, fear. And even though the person is completely awake he couldn’t move or speak for a few moments. Cataplexy always affects during the daytime, when the sufferers are conscious. 
  • Sleep Paralysis – Sleep Paralysis is the inability to move or speak when a person is asleep or about to wake up. This usually lasts for a few seconds to a few minutes. The sufferers are aware of their surroundings but can’t move the voluntary muscles since the muscles are paralyzed. 
  • Hallucinations – Hallucinations are mostly frightening. It could be auditory as well as visual. Hallucinations are of two types – 1. Hypnopompic – Hallucinations that occurs when the person is waking up from sleep. 2. Hypnogogic – Hallucinations that occurs when the person is about to fall asleep. 

If you are suffering from any of the sleeping disorder, you should definitely meet your doctor for effective therapy and medications. You should never ignore your peaceful slumber. Restful sleep is essential to have a refreshing bright day ahead.

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Written by Vinita Kumar

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